Nowadays, outdoor sports have been recognized by more and more people. With the advent of summer, more and more people have joined outdoor travel. However, after all, there are uncontrollable risk factors for outdoor. To enable everyone to participate in outdoor sports and travel more safely, share some outdoor first aid knowledge today and take a look.
How to deal with wounds?
If there is a small wound, it can be rinsed with water first. It is best to disinfect the wound with an anti-inflammatory drug. If there is no bleeding or there is less bleeding, you do not need to bandage the wound and keep it clean; if the bleeding continues, you can press the blood vessels above the injured area with force, stop bleeding within a few minutes, and then apply the band-aid.
In case of large wounds, such as accidental cuts to the artery, you should press the blood vessels above the injured area in time, such as wrist or forearm injuries, you can first pinch the blood vessels on the side of the armpits, that is to feel there are pulses everywhere. Quickly tie it here again, and tie a few more circles, and maximize the injured person’s arm. Then immediately send to the transport stretcher for doctor. During the delivery, the bound place needs to be loosened every 40-60 minutes for 1-2 minutes, otherwise the affected tissue may be necrotic. The wound is covered with gauze or clean cloth to protect the wound from contamination.
How to correct first aid for fracture?
For patients with fractures and wounds, the wounds should be closed immediately. It is best to cover the wound with clean clothing, and then wrap it with a cloth tape. It should not be too tight or too loose when it is bandaged. If too tight, it will cause ischemic necrosis of the injured limb. When it is too loose, it does not have the effect of bandaging, and at the same time, it has no effect of compressing and stopping bleeding. If the fractured end is exposed, be careful not to put the fractured end back in place and keep it exposed to avoid deep infection. If the fractured end is put back to the original place, it should be noted and explained clearly to the doctor when evacuating.What we should do is to wait for the hospital emergency bed arrive and take the patient to the ambulance care and send to hospital urgently.
What should I do if I have a heat stroke?
The main symptoms of heatstroke are: headache, dizziness, restlessness, strong and powerful pulse, murmur of breathing, body temperature may rise above 40°C, dry and reddish skin. If not treated in time, people with heat stroke may soon lose consciousness, and the degree is very deep, which may lead to accidents. Therefore, before the mountain climbing in summer, you must prepare drugs for the prevention and treatment of heat stroke, such as: cooling oil etc. In addition, you should also prepare some heatstroke prevention equipment such as refreshing drinks and sunglasses and sun hats.
Once someone has a heat stroke, they should be moved to a cool and ventilated place as soon as possible, soak their clothes in cold water, wrap their bodies, and keep them wet. Or stop the fan to dissipate heat and wipe the patient with a cold towel until the body temperature drops below 38°C. Heat stroke patients are conscious and should rest half of their sitting posture, supporting their head and shoulders. If the person suffering from heat stroke has lost consciousness, they should be laid flat. Through the above treatment measures, if the body temperature of the person suffering from heat stroke has dropped, they should be covered with clothing and have sufficient rest. Otherwise, repeat the above measures and send them to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible.
How to deal with heat syncope?
Climbers with weaker physiques, during the summer mountaineering activities, due to vigorous activities and excessive physical exertion, especially when they fail to supplement the water and salt lost in time, heat syncope is prone to occur. The main symptoms of heat syncope are: : Feeling exhausted, but irritable, headache, dizziness or nausea; pale face, wet and cold skin; fast and shallow breathing, fast and weak pulse;
If heat syncope occurs, lie down in the shade as soon as possible. If you are conscious, you should drink some cold water slowly. If you sweat a lot, or have cramps, diarrhea, or vomiting, you should drink salt in water. If you have lost consciousness, people who are traveling with you should lie down in their prone position, rest adequately until the symptoms are relieved, and send them to the hospital for further treatment.